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By thinking about building your own solar panel for home use, you have decided you want to reduce your impact on the planet but might not have a huge amount of money to invest. While homemade solar panels may not produce energy as effectively as commercially purchased new panels, they are nonetheless a cheap and relatively easy option for producing your own power. 
There are many designs available for building your own solar panels completely from scratch; solar cells are quite difficult for the average homeowner to construct though. This doesn’t mean that you can’t still build smaller solar collectors completely from scratch; just don’t expect to power your entire home off of these. All solar cells work with a photoelectric effect, which means that light causes electricity to flow through the material. Any material that has photoelectric properties is able to generate solar power.
Another great option for building solar panels is to buy cheap used solar cells, and construct your own panels to attach them to. These homemade panels can then be mounted onto your roof or installed wherever you wish. Just be sure to inspect each panel thoroughly to ensure it is built strong and sturdy enough to withstand the weather in your area.

•Consider your location
•Finding used solar cells
•Repairing damaged solar cells
•Constructing the solar panels
Consider Your Location
Before deciding to build your own solar panels, the first thing you need to consider is your location. The area you live in will determine the effectiveness of any solar array you install. If you live in an area that is predominantly cloudy, your solar output will be severely diminished, so it may be best to consider your other options before devoting your time and large chunk of your property to a large solar array.
You can do a survey of your property to decide the best location for your solar panels, although the roof is normally the best option. Just because you live in a cloudy area doesn’t mean your solar panels still can’t help with contributing electricity to your home, but just don’t have expectations about them granting you complete energy independence.

Finding Used Solar Cells
used solar cell There are many places where you can find used solar cells, and although these cells may be slightly damaged, they are still a great way to cheaply produce your own solar panels. You can search online and come up with hundreds of used panels on eBay or Craigslist, although always be cautious about purchasing these online unless they come from a reputable source. Some used panels may be damaged to the point that their output is only a tenth of what it once was.
Another great place to find used solar panels is in your own neighborhood or town. Look around for any places that use solar panels, and inquire as to what they do with their damaged panels.
Solar panels are quite expensive to dispose of, which means that many companies will gladly sell or even give away their used panels to save themselves the large disposal fees. Always be sure to check any used solar cells with a multimeter to determine their energy output before installing them in your panels. Cells with small cracks or chips can easily be repaired, which may increase their energy output.

Repairing Damaged Solar Cells
Before you install any used solar cells in your panels, be sure to inspect them closely for any signs of damage. Smaller chips and cracks can be fixed with epoxy or solder. Cells which are browned will usually not be able to be repaired, however they can still produce a decent energy output, so always test any used cells you find to determine whether they are worth using or trying to repair.

Constructing Solar Panels
build solar panel Once you have all of your used solar cells on hand, you are ready to start building your solar panels themselves. The first step is to build the panel on which you’ll attach your solar cells. You can build the panel to any size you wish, and it should be large enough to easily fit all of your solar cells.
You may want to keep the panels smaller to make them easy to move around and install by yourself. The panel should be build out of lightweight but sturdy plywood.
Once you have cut your board to the desired size, it’s necessary to drill holes in the board where the wiring for each individual solar cell will go through. Then you can use a strong glue to attach the solar cells to the panel, making sure to carefully thread the wiring through the holes you drilled.
After you have attached the solar cells to your panels, the final step is to cover the panels with glass or plastic. You can have a piece of plexiglass cut at your local hardware store to fit your panel. This can be screwed directly onto the board, and then you should seal around the screw holes and the edges with silicon. This will keep the cells from being further damaged by rain or wind.
The final step is to wire all of the solar cells together, which should be done by someone with technical knowledge about electrical components. Once wired, you can test the output of your panel with a multimeter to determine how much energy your homemade solar panel will produce.
Another important thing to keep in mind is the weight of your solar panels. You want them to be made of materials that are strong enough to withstand the effects of the weather, but the panels still need to be lightweight so they can be easily moved around during the installation phase. After you have attached the solar cells to your panels, the final step is to cover the panels with glass or plastic.
This will prevent the cells from being further damaged by rain or wind. Another important aspect of the solar panel is the battery. It’s important that you choose the appropriate battery for your panels so that you can still use you power even when the sun isn’t shining. The batteries will store up any excess power that is generated, so that even during a storm or nighttime, you can still use the energy created by your solar array.

Installing Your Homemade Solar Panels
Once you have built your solar panels, the final step is to install them so they can start producing free, clean energy. Your solar panel arrays should always be installed either on your roof or in an open area so that they can receive maximum exposure to the sun’s rays. The panels should always face south and they should be installed so that the angle can be adjusted according to the season, so as to maximize their electrical output throughout the year.
When it’s time to connect all of the final wiring, it’s probably best to hire a professional electrician. This way you can be sure that your solar panels are wired correctly, providing you with maximum output. It’s also important to consult your local building codes, as it may be necessary to have a building permit and an inspection before installing solar panels on the roof of your home or possibly anywhere else on your property. A licensed electrician can give you all of this information when you call to inquire about the wiring of your solar panels.

Discover the benefits and facts about solar energy
The facts about solar energy are these: using solar energy is by no means new to the human race- having glass windows, drying clothes outside etc. are all ways of harnessing solar energy for free. However, the invention of an actual solar collector for commercial use did not come until the 1950’s. 

 The definition of solar energy is simple: solar energy is the energy emitted from the light of the sun. The light effect from the sun, measured at a 90° angle to the distance of Earth is 1367 W/m². This energy is constant as can be harnessed efficiently and gently on sunny days.

Every year the sun generates thousands of times more energy than is necessary for all human consumption while also providing enough energy to take care of all of nature. Solar power is often criticized for being unprofitable and too difficult to use. However, many believe that it is research in the field that is lacking and that with the right brains on the case, solar energy could be the answer to many of the world’s environmental issues, if we can learn to fully understand how solar energy works.

 the most obvious benefits of capturing the sun’s rays to produce energy are the fact that the sun provides energy for free, and that solar panels generate zero CO2 emissions.  The potential of the sun to power our planet remains largely unexploited because of our current over-reliance on fossil fuels. 

As these fossil fuel supplies are slowly dwindling and their price is skyrocketing, it may be time to put more money into research on solar power and other green forms of energy. This would lead to a drastic decrease in CO2 emissions and pollution, while at the same time utilizing the largest free source of energy available- the sun. 

We can help you to get started on learning abot solar power with some solar energy diagrams that clearly outline the entire process of generating energy through the use of the sun.

These are the most obvious facts about solar energy, but they are far from the only benefits:

“Free” energy obtained from the sun’s rays

Produces clean, emission free energy
Save money on or eliminate your electric bill completely
Almost entirely maintenance free after installation
Independent from the power grid means no blackouts
Can provide power 24 hours a day due to solar battery chargers
Can be used anywhere

Free Energy from the Sun’s Rays
Solar panels produce solar thermal energy directly from harnessing the energy from the sun.  They can be especially effective in very sunny areas, although they can still be effective even in more cloudy areas. This energy is constantly available whenever the sun is shining and can provide limitless amounts of free energy depending on the size of the solar panels.

Produces Clean Energy

Solar energy has been around for centuries: the rich history of solar energy is the best proof that green energy is the best and cleanest way of providing power. It's true for the past, and it will become more and more important in the future.

To illustrate this, have a look at this article on the improvements of solar panel efficiency over the past 60 years. You'll notice that solar panels got smaller in size, but that their output has increased considerably, and will continue to do so in the future.

In modern times, our reliance on fossil fuels has resulted in a huge increase in the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that are released into the atmosphere every year. One of the biggest advantages of solar energy is that it produces absolutely zero emissions of any kind. The only downfall is the large amount of space required for solar panels, which makes them much more difficult to use in some urban environments such as inner cities.

Eliminate Your Electric Bill

By installing solar panels in your home, you can save a large amount of money on your electric bill, or possible even eliminate your electric bill altogether. Some places even allow you to sell any extra energy created back to the electric company, thus receiving a credit instead of paying money. Although the cost of solar panels initially requires a large start-up, the expense can quickly pay for itself in a matter of years, and even has the opportunity to make you money in the long run.

Maintenance Free Energy Production

Once installed, solar panels require almost no maintenance, and because the energy is being produced directly from the sun’s rays, they also require no additional costs to keep them functioning. A properly installed solar panel can last for several decades without the need for expensive repairs. This only serves to increase the amount of money you can save. Solar panels require no fuel to be added, and don’t need to be turned on or off - they are constantly absorbing the sun’s energy whenever it is sunny out.

Total Energy Independence = No Blackouts

By producing your own energy, you can be completely self-reliant and not have to depend on the electric company for your power needs. This means you can be free of any power outages or blackouts that may affect your neighborhood. It also means that in case of emergency, you can still continue to produce and use energy as long as there is no damage to your solar panels.

Can Provide Energy 24 Hours a Day

Solar energy may be dependent on the energy gained from the sun’s rays, but this doesn’t mean that can only use electricity when the sun is shining. Although no energy is produced when the sun isn’t shining or during the night, this doesn’t mean that no energy can be consumed. Most all solar units come with a self-charging battery unit which is capable of storing several days or weeks worth of energy depending on the size of the battery.

Provide Energy No Matter the Location

Solar panels can be and are installed anywhere and everywhere in the world. They can be installed on the roof of a building in the middle of a city, or in the middle of an open prairie. The only thing that determines where they can be installed is the size of the solar panel itself. Some solar panels are quite large and so require a very large space to install them, so these might not be ideal for many situations such as in the middle of a city. However solar panels come in a variety of sizes to fit almost any space, although the output is limited by the size of the particular panel. Solar panels are almost always installed facing north to take advantage of the sun’s rays most effectively.

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